Supervisor: Jacques Weyers. High school education. Since October Professeur ordinaire. September August Professore a contratto. April Invited series of lectures on scientific realism. Associate Professor. Teaching Assistant. Teaching Fellow. Department of Philosophy. University of Pittsburgh. Fellow Belgian American Educational. Giancarlo Ghirardi is an Italian physicist and Emeritus professor of theoretical physics at the University of Trieste.
He is well known for the Ghirardi—Rimini—Weber theory GRW , which he proposed in together with Alberto Rimini and Tullio Weber, and for his contributions to the foundations of quantum mechanics. His research interests relate to variety of topics of theoretical physics; focussing since mainly on the foundations of quantum mechanics. Ghirardi is member of the editorial board of Foundations of Physics and formerly of Studies in History and Philosophy of Modern Science.
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He is president of the Italian Society for the Foundations of Physics, of which he is one of the founding members. Ghirardi, G. Quantum Probability and Applications, L. Accardi et al. Physical Review D Hans-Peter Grosshans born May 3, is a German theologian and philosopher of religion, with a special focus on questions and problems of hermeneutics, methodology and philosophy of science.
As well he was there debuty director of the Institute of Hermeneutics. Ian MacDougall Hacking born February 18, is a Canadian philosopher, specializing in the philosophy of science. Hacking also took his Ph. He became a lecturer at Cambridge in before shifting to Stanford in After teaching for several years at Stanford University, he spent a year at the Center for Interdisciplinary Research in Bielefeld, Germany, — He became Professor of Philosophy at the University of Toronto in and University Professor the highest honour the University of Toronto bestows on faculty in Works :.
Influenced by debates involving Thomas Kuhn, Imre Lakatos, Paul Feyerabend and others, Hacking is known for bringing a historical approach to the philosophy of science. He himself still identifies as a Cambridge analytic philosopher. Hacking defended a realism about science, "entity realism", albeit only on pragmatic and particularly experimental grounds: the electron is real because human beings use it to make things happen.
This form of realism encourages a realistic stance towards the entities postulated by mature sciences but skepticism towards scientific theories. Hacking has also been influential in directing attention to the experimental and even engineering practices of science, and their relative autonomy from theory. In that way Hacking moved philosophical thinking a step further than the initial historical, but heavily theory-focused, turn of Kuhn et al.
In his later work from onward , his focus has shifted somewhat from the natural sciences to the human sciences, partly under the influence of the work of Michel Foucault. In the latter book, Hacking proposed that the modern schism between subjective or personalist probability, and the long-run frequency interpretation, emerged in the early modern era as an epistemological "break" involving two incompatible models of uncertainty and chance.
As history the idea of a sharp break has been criticized, but competing 'frequentist' and 'subjective' interpretations of probability still remain today. Foucault's approach to knowledge systems and power is also reflected in Hacking's work on the historical mutability of psychiatric disorders and institutional roles for statistical reasoning in the 19th century.
He labels his approach to the human sciences "dynamic nominalism" or, alternately, "dialectical realism" , a historicised form of nominalism that traces the mutual interactions over time between the phenomena of the human world and our conceptions and classifications of them. In Rewriting the Soul: Multiple Personality and the Sciences of Memory, by developing a historical ontology of Multiple Personality Disorder, Hacking provides a discussion of how people are constituted by the descriptions of acts available to them see Acting under a description.
In Mad Travelers he documented the fleeting appearance in the s of a fugue state in which European men would walk in a trance for hundreds of miles without knowledge of their identities. In , he was awarded the first Killam Prize for the Humanities, Canada's most distinguished award for outstanding career achievements. In , he was made a Companion of the Order of Canada. Hacking was appointed visiting professor at University of California, Santa Cruz for the Winters of and On August 25, , Hacking was named winner of the Holberg International Memorial Prize, a Norwegian award for scholarly work in the arts and humanities, social sciences, law and theology.
Danziger, Jr. Memorial Lecture in the Humanities.
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In , Hacking also gave the Howison lectures at the University of California, Berkeley, on the topic of mathematics and its sources in human behavior 'Proof, Truth, Hands and Mind'. In , Hacking was awarded the Balzan Prize. Zwischen Objektkonstruktion und Strukturanalyse. Greffe et K. Dialogisches Handeln. Astroh et D.
Barth et H. Rebuschi, H. Visser , Springer, Boldini et M. His chief interests are in the history and philosophy of science, in the physics of matter at high pressure, in education, and in the study of career paths of young scientists.
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Along with co-author Gerhard Sonnert he has studied and published works on the gender gap in science studies and careers. In , he published Introduction to Concepts and Theories in Physical Sciences, a seminal work in the development of physics education, which led to Harvard Project Physics, the NSF sponsored national curriculum-development project that he co-directed. He was also on the editorial committee of the Collected Papers of Albert Einstein. Millikan award of the American Association of Physics Teachers. Holton was the first scientist selected for this honor, and his lecture was entitled "Where is Science Taking Us?
A considerable collection of his papers have been collected, processed, and annotated by the archivists at Harvard University Archives, donated by Holton since Boi, E. Son livre, Science and the Akashic Field: An Integral Theory of Everything propose un champ d'information comme substance primordiale du cosmos.
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Travaux :. Editions Village Mondial, Paris, , Pages. ISBN 2 3. Hannes Leitgeb born in Salzburg is an Austrian philosopher and mathematician. His areas of research include logic theories of truth and modality, paradox, conditionals, nonmonotonic reasoning, dynamic doxastic logic , epistemology belief, inference, belief revision, foundations of probability, Bayesianism , philosophy of mathematics structuralism, informal provability, abstraction, criteria of identity , philosophy of language indeterminacy of translation, compositionality , cognitive science symbolic representation and neural networks, metacognition , philosophy of science empirical content, measurement theory , and history of philosophy Logical Positivism, Carnap, Quine.
Leitgeb studied mathematics at the University of Salzburg and graduated with a Master's degree in After his PhDs in mathematics and philosophy , also in Salzburg, he was offered a position as assistance professor at the university's faculty of philosophy. From on, he worked at the Departments of Philosophy and Mathematics in Bristol. Hans LENK. Hiernach haben wir immer nur mittels Interpretationen Zugang zur Welt, es gibt keine nichtinterpretative Beschreibung der Welt.
Die Interpretation geschieht immer durch so genannte Schemata, die formierende Grundlage unserer Erkenntnis und Handelns sind. Werte — Ziele — Wirklichkeit der modernen Olympischen Spiele. Zur Kritik der interpretatorischen Vernunft. Suhrkamp, Frankfurt a. Kreative Aufstiege. Das flexible Vielfachwesen. Anthropologische Perspektiven. Ratzeburger Goldwasser — vom Lago Albano bis Lambarene.
Universidad Nacional de Quilmes , Argentina. Profesor Titular Ordinario. His research includes mathematical logic, in particular set theory and infinite games, as well as empirical studies of mathematics, in particular with applications to the philosophy of mathematics.
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Lorenzo Magnani, philosopher, epistemologist, and cognitive scientist, is a professor of Philosophy of Science at the University of Pavia, Italy, and the director of its Computational Philosophy Laboratory. Visiting professor at the Sun Yat-sen University, Canton Guangzhou , China from to , in the event of the 50th anniversary of the re-building of the Philosophy Department of Sun Yat-sen University in , an award was given to him to acknowledge his contributions to the areas of philosophy, philosophy of science, logic, and cognitive science.
His book Abduction, Reason, and Science New York, has become a well-respected work in the field of human cognition. The book Morality in a Technological World Cambridge, develops a philosophical and cognitive theory of the relationships between ethics and technology in a naturalistic perspective.
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